Monetary Policy Reports

In 1998, the Czech National Bank switched to direct inflation targeting. In the inflation targeting regime, the central bank’s communication with the public plays a significant role. One of the core elements of this communication is the publishing of quarterly Monetary Policy Reports, which, in 2021, replaced the previous Inflation Reports.

The economic forecast prepared regularly by the CNB’s Monetary Department is central to deciding the current interest rate settings. The first section of the Monetary Policy Report contains the forecast for economic developments abroad, as they have a considerable impact on the Czech economy. The second section contains the forecast for the domestic real economy and labour market. The third section pays attention to inflation. The final section describes the Bank's latest monetary policy decision in the context of monetary developments and the risks and uncertainties of future economic developments.

The inflation forecast and the assumptions underlying it are published with the aim of making monetary policy as transparent, comprehensible, predictable and therefore credible as possible. The Czech National Bank is convinced that credible monetary policy effectively influences inflation expectations and minimises the costs of maintaining price stability. Maintaining price stability is the Czech National Bank’s primary objective.

The forecast is the key, but not the only, input to the Bank Board’s decision-making. At its meetings during the quarter, the Bank Board discusses the current forecast and the balance of risks and uncertainties surrounding it. The arrival of new information since the forecast was drawn up and the possibility of asymmetric assessment of the risks of the forecast and divergent views of some board members on the development of the external environment or the linkages between the various indicators within the Czech economy mean that the Bank Board’s final decision need not correspond to the message of the forecast. Information on the Bank Board’s discussions and on the reasons for its monetary policy measures is given in the minutes of the Bank Board meetings.

(Published four times yearly since 1998. Until 2020 it was published under the title of the Inflation Report. In 2021 the CNB started to publish the Monetary Policy Report.)