Off the Radar: Exploring the Rise of Shadow Banking in the EU

Martin Hodula

This paper uses novel ECB/Eurosystem data on non-bank financial intermediation to investigate the potential factors of shadow banking growth for a panel of 24 EU countries. Consistent with several strands of literature, the EU shadow banking system is found to be highly procyclical and positively related to increasing demand of long-term institutional investors, more stringent capital regulation, and faster financial development. In addition, the paper offers two findings that have not been reported in the literature. First, it shows that the relationship between monetary policy and shadow banking growth is level-dependent and may be determined by the relative magnitude of interest rates in the economy. In this respect, two main motives driving the relationship are identified – the “funding cost” motive and the “search for yield” motive. Second, the driving forces of shadow banking differ between the old and new EU countries, largely due to the missing legal framework for securitization in the new members.

JEL codes: E44, E52, G21, G23

European Union, monetary policy, panel data analysis, shadow banking

Issued: December 2018

Download: CNB WP No. 16/2018 (pdf, 481 KB)