Česká národní banka


CNB > Economic research > Research publications > CNB Working paper series > 2010 > The Margins of Labour Cost Adjustment: Survey Evidence from European Firms

The Margins of Labour Cost Adjustment: Survey Evidence from European Firms

Jan Babecký, Philip Du Caju, Theodora Kosma, Martina Lawless, Julián Messina, Tairi Rõõm

Firms have multiple options at the time of adjusting their wage bills. However, previous literature has mainly focused on base wages. We broaden the analysis beyond downward rigidity in base wages by investigating the use of other margins of labour cost adjustment at the firm level. Using data from a unique survey, we find that European firms make frequent use of other, more flexible, components of compensation to adjust the cost of labour. Changes in bonuses and non-pay benefits are some of the potential margins firms use to reduce costs. We also show how the margins of adjustment chosen are affected by firm and worker characteristics.

JEL codes: J30, C81, P5.

Keywords: European Union, firm survey, labour costs, wage rigidity.

Issued: December 2010

Download CNB WP No 7/2010 (pdf, 261 kB)

Published as: Babecký, J., Du Caju, P., Kosma, T., Lawless, M., Messina, J. and Rõõm, T. (2012): How do European Firms Adjust their Labour Costs when Nominal Wages are Rigid? Labour Economics, 19(5), 732–801.